Indiana Bicentennial: Hoosier Hall of Fame
To mark Indiana’s bicentennial, Indianapolis Monthly chose the state’s 200 all-time great people, places, things, and moments.
It’s official: On December 11, 2016—200 years to the day after Indiana was admitted into the Union—our state marked its bicentennial. To honor the occasion, IM releases its exclusive Hoosier Hall of Fame, including 200 people, places, things, and moments that make us proud.
8 points in 8.9 seconds
Pacer Reggie Miller’s scoring feat at the end of a come-from-behind win in the 1995 NBA Eastern Conference Finals.
1976 undefeated season
Indiana University remains the last NCAA Division I basketball program to finish the regular season and championship tournament without a loss.
A Christmas Story
Holiday movie set in Northern Indiana.
International auto-racing champion, built his legend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
Purdue grad, first man on the moon.
Albion Fellows Bacon
Evansville activist who helped make Indiana a national leader in housing reform.
Jazz composer and music professor at IU’s Jacobs School of Music.
Food-preserving container made by Muncie’s Ball Corp.
Sarah Evans Barker
Indiana’s first female assistant U.S. Attorney, first female federal judge, and first female chief judge.
Battle of Tippecanoe
Military showdown near present-day Lafayette in 1811, between U.S. forces led by William Henry Harrison and Native American warriors loyal to Tenskwatawa, a.k.a. The Prophet.
Battle of Vincennes
Decisive Revolutionary War frontier clash pitting American forces under George Rogers Clark against the British in 1779.
Long-serving U.S. senator responsible for the passage of Title IX legislation.
U.S. senator, helped influence President Theodore Roosevelt to sign national food-safety legislation.
The “Hick from French Lick,” helped revitalize the NBA and won three titles with the Boston Celtics.
Won fashion’s answer to the Oscar, the Coty Award, seven times.
1979 film that popularized “cutter” life and IU’s Little 500 bicycle race.
Internationally known opera soprano.
Historic arts mecca and popular fall tourist destination.
Influential (and controversial) U.S. Secretary of Agriculture under presidents Nixon and Ford.
Automotive innovation developed by Robert Arvin.
Songwriter of “Stardust” and other standards.
All-time WNBA great, won a championship with the Fever and retired as the league’s active leader in points, rebounds, assists, and steals.
Popularized rubber-sole athletic sneakers and became one of the world’s most enduring product designs.
Baking powder, one of the oldest commercial food brands in America.
George Rogers Clark
Revolutionary War hero and early Indiana settler.
In 2012, ranked sixth among all U.S. cities for innovation and design by the American Institute of Architects.
Medical-device magnate and historic-preservationist.
First Indiana capital.
Parke County has more of them than any other county in America.
Automotive innovation introduced by Ralph Teetor.
Cummins Engine Company
Worldwide engine manufacturer founded and headquartered in Columbus, Indiana.
Cartoonist and creator of Garfield franchise.
Actor, starred in East of Eden and Rebel Without a Cause.
Eugene V. Debs
Organized the American Railway Union (one of the nation’s first industrial unions) and won 6 percent of the popular vote as the Socialist Party presidential candidate in 1912.
Led Notre Dame to three straight Final Four appearances, one of the WNBA’s top point guards.
Flamboyant Depression-era bank robber.
Helped Purdue to a national championship in 1999 and then the Fever to a WNBA title in 2012.
Author of Sister Carrie.
Hit songwriter who penned “On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away.”
Precursor to Breathalyzer patented by IU professor Rolla Harger.
Produced in Indiana, symbolized Jazz Age luxury.
John James Dufour
Established the first successful winery in the United States in southeastern Indiana.
WNBA title–winning coach of the Indiana Fever.
Kenneth “Babyface” Edmonds
Hit R&B singer-songwriter and producer.
Author of The Hoosier School-Master.
Dr. Lawrence Einhorn
IU Med School oncologist who developed successful treatment for testicular cancer.
Electric garage-door opener
Invented by Hartford City’s C.G. Johnson in 1921.
Eli Lilly & Co.
Pharmaceutical company behind Prozac, Cialis, and other blockbuster medications.
Poet behind the collection I Am a Black Woman.
Invented many of the components used in early color televisions.
First Christian Church
Designed by architect Eliel Saarinen in Columbus, Indiana, it is one of America’s earliest modernist churches.
Standard toothpaste ingredient developed by IU researchers.
Eighteenth century settlement and trading post located near present-day Lafayette, one of the earliest in the territory.
“Four Fathers” of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Automotive industrialists Carl Fisher, James Allison, Arthur Newby, and Frank Wheeler, who built the world-famous track in the early 1900s.
French Lick Resort
Popular Southern Indiana getaway site for more than a century, said to have been visited by Al Capone.
Comedian and star of TV’s The Jim Gaffigan Show.
Bill and Gloria Gaither
Cartoon cat created by Hoosier Jim Davis.
As a player for IU in the late 1940s, he became the first black starter in the Big Ten athletic conference.
Located in Richmond, it was one of America’s premier jazz studios of the 1920s.
NASCAR Sprint Cup racing great, spent part of his boyhood in Pittsboro, dominated the annual Brickyard 400 race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
Architect and product designer.
Young-adult author and screenwriter of The Fault in Our Stars.
Virgil “Gus” Grissom
Mercury and Apollo I astronaut immortalized in The Right Stuff.
Children’s book author and creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy.
Saint Theodora Guérin
After settling in Indiana from France in 1840, she opened a frontier convent and schools—including what is now known as Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College—and in 2006 became the first saint from Indiana (and only the eighth from America).
Roy Halston Frowick
Proclaimed “the premier fashion designer of all America” in 1973 by Newsweek.
Longtime U.S. representative.
Jazz trombonist and Indiana Avenue mainstay.
Indianapolis lawyer, U.S. senator, 23rd U.S. president.
William Henry Harrison
Frontier military commander, first governor of the Indiana Territory, ninth U.S. president.
First winner of the Indianapolis 500.
Taking Gary’s highest office in 1967, he became one of the first two black U.S. mayors ever elected.
Patented stainless steel, the thermostat, and an early gas-powered car.
Automotive innovation introduced by industrialist Carl Fisher.
American’s TV mom on The Brady Bunch, popular pre-race fixture at the Indianapolis 500.
“Hicks vs. Knicks”
Heated 1990s NBA rivalry between the Indiana Pacers and New York Knicks.
Hoosier National Forest
At 202,000 acres, the most significant tract of forest in the state.
Underdog basketball movie inspired by Milan High’s 1954 state championship.
Co-director of Scripps-Howard news service.
Terre Haute businessman who purchased and revived the Indianapolis Motor Speedway after World War II.
Dr. John Hurty
Director of Indiana State Board of Health in the late 1800s, helped establish Indiana as a national model for food-safety legislation.
Indiana Dunes State Park
Voted the seventh-best state park in the nation in a USA Today/10Best poll.
Indiana Sports Corp.
Helped established Indianapolis as the nation’s “Amateur Sports Capital,” paved the way for arrival of the Indianapolis Colts and Super Bowl XLVI.
Indiana State Parks
Marking its centennial in 2016, the system is regarded as one of the nation’s finest, with 68,000 acres and eight parks exceeding half a million visitors per year.
The largest single-day sporting event in the world.
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Historic racetrack, home of the largest single-day sporting event in the world.
Indianapolis Colts owner, guided the franchise to a Super Bowl win in 2007.
NFL owner, moved the Baltimore Colts to Indianapolis.
Hit pop singer.
“The King of Pop.”
The Jackson 5
Motown family pop group that launched the career of Michael Jackson.
Be-bop jazz trombonist.
IU zoology prof, conducted groundbreaking studies of human sexuality.
Won three national championships as IU basketball’s head coach.
Bobby “Slick” Leonard
ABA championship coach of the Indiana Pacers, longtime broadcaster.
Comedian and late-night TV host.
Levi Coffin House
Underground Railroad hub, now a National Historic Landmark.
Conservationist, “father” of Indiana’s state parks systems, first director of what is now the Department of Natural Resources.
Colonel Eli Lilly
Civil War officer and founder of pharmaceutical giant Eli Lilly & Co.
Eli Lilly Jr.
Grew Eli Lilly & Co. into a national pharmaceutical giant.
Sixteenth U.S. president, spent boyhood in Southern Indiana.
IU’s annual bicycle race.
Chief Little Turtle
Led Native American resistance to U.S. settlement in the Northwest Territory among Miamis and allied tribes.
Emmy-winning costar of the TV series Cheers.
Robert Indiana sculpture at the Indianapolis Museum of Art.
Longtime U.S. senator.
One of the last remaining historic African-American settlements in Indiana; home to William H. Roundtree, the first black postmaster north of the Mason-Dixon Line, and Alonzo Fields, the first black chief butler at the White House.
Oscar-winning actor with roles in A Streetcar Named Desire and On the Waterfront.
NFL quarterback, led the Colts to a Super Bowl win in 2007.
The first car to win the Indianapolis 500.
Popular cartoon character created by Hoosier Kin Hubbard.
The longtime Pacer dominated the ABA and won two titles.
Has amassed more than 700 wins and a national championship as the head coach of Notre Dame’s women’s basketball program.
Actor and Beech Grove native, starred in The Magnificent Seven and The Great Escape.
Rock star, hit-maker.
J. Irwin Miller
Cummins CEO who helped establish the city of Columbus, Indiana, as a center of modernist architecture.
Longtime Pacer, recent Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductee, one of the NBA’s greatest-ever clutch shooters.
Nineteenth century school reformer and champion of universal free public education.
Rail-to-trail greenway in Indianapolis.
Emmy-winning creator of TV hits Glee and American Horror Story.
Progressive 19th-century utopian settlement near Evansville, it had the state’s first free public libraries and later became a modern-architecture mecca.
Dubbed the “father of American high fashion” by the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Oliver Chilled Plows
Helped make farming less labor-intensive before mechanization became widespread.
“On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away”
The state song, one of the biggest musical hits of the 19th century.
Patriarch Robert Owen bought New Harmony in 1825 and helped shape the community as a hotbed of progressive initiatives. Son Robert Dale Owen became a prominent advocate for public education and women’s rights, and Jane Blaffer Owen led modern-day historic-preservation efforts and made important architectural commissions in New Harmony.
Life-saving door-opener innovation invented by a Vonnegut Hardware manager, now ubiquitous in public buildings.
Parks and Recreation
Hit TV sitcom set in the fictional Indiana town of Pawnee.
Thoroughbred racehorse in the early 1900s.
Today show co-anchor.
Downhome dessert featuring the native Indiana fruit.
Screenwriter of Hoosiers and Rudy.
Led Milan High to its famous underdog state basketball championship in 1954.
Pneumatic rubber tires
Automotive innovation introduced by D.C. Spraker.
Hollywood movie director of Tootsie and Out of Africa.
Indiana’s unofficial state sandwich.
Composer, songwriter, lyricist.
Spiritual leader who inspired Native American resistance to U.S. frontier settlement among Shawnees and allied tribes.
Developed by Richmond’s Elwood McGuire for widespread home use in 1870.
Nationally syndicated newspaper columnist and World War II correspondent.
Raggedy Ann and Andy
Children’s book characters created by Hoosier Johnny Gruelle.
Automotive innovation (apocryphally) introduced by Indy 500 champion Ray Harroun.
Canned-tomato brand sold in 50 states and 16 countries.
Popcorn entrepreneur and pitchman.
James Whitcomb Riley
“The Hoosier Poet.”
A national player-of-the-year coming out of Notre Dame, she won two WNBA titles.
Crispus Attucks grad, one of basketball’s all-time greatest players with NBA career averages equal to or exceeding those of Michael Jordan and LeBron James.
Front man for the band Guns N’ Roses.
David Lee Roth
Front man for the band Van Halen.
Underdog sports movie inspired by the life of Notre Dame football walk-on Daniel “Rudy” Ruettiger.
May Wright Sewall
Founded the Indianapolis Equal Suffrage Society, was instrumental in the eventual passage of the 19th Amendment.
Invented “Dr. Scholl’s” arch-support shoe liner in 1904.
New York Times crossword editor.
“Shot heard ’round the world”
Bobby Plump’s game-winning shot in the 1954 boys’ state basketball championship.
Shrimp cocktail at St. Elmo
Sinus-searing and oft-imitated appetizer at Indy’s century-old steakhouse.
Herbert “Herb” Simon
Partner in Simon Property Group and longtime owner of the Indiana Pacers.
Melvin “Mel” Simon
Mall magnate and founder of Simon Property Group.
Simon Property Group
Largest mall operator in the United States.
Comedic radio, TV, and film actor.
National public-broadcasting radio and TV talk-show host.
Southern Indiana limestone
Used in the construction of the Empire State Building and The Pentagon.
Famous for “punk couture,” his designs were worn by Debbie Harry, Billy Idol, and Duran Duran.
Indiana impressionist landscape painter.
Automotive innovation introduced by inventor Elwood Haynes.
Butler men’s basketball coach who led the team to two straight NCAA championship games.
IndyCar racing standout, NASCAR Sprint Cup champion.
Author of A Girl of the Limberlost.
Numbers game devised by Connersville’s Howard Garns.
Sugar cream pie
Indiana’s official state pie.
Super Bowl XLVI
Hosted by Indianapolis, which was widely hailed for its host-city performance.
Author of The Magnificent Ambersons.
Marshall “Major” Taylor
Cyclist, first African-American athlete to win a world championship outside of boxing and to set world records.
Shawnee warrior, led fierce Native American resistance to U.S. frontier settlement in the early 1800s.
Innovative modern-dance choreographer.
James Alexander Thom
Historical-fiction author of Follow the River.
TR-1 transistor radio
Invented in Indy 1954, ushered in era of portable electronic devices.
Immigrant-owned business in Indianapolis on which a unique family dynasty was built.
Author of Slaughterhouse-Five.
Author of Going All the Way.
Madam C.J. Walker
Beauty-products entrepreneur, first black female millionaire in the United States.
Author of Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ.
Water pressure–driven dishwasher
Patented by Hobart socialite Josephine Cochrane in 1886.
General “Mad” Anthony Wayne
U.S. military commander whose victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers effectively ended organized Native American resistance in the Northwest Territory, namesake of present-day Fort Wayne.
Herman B Wells
University president who helped make IU a national academic powerhouse.
International HIV/AIDS activist.
Won an NCAA championship at Purdue and guided the Indiana Fever to the WNBA Finals in her first season as head coach.
Purdue professor and chief chemist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, helped influence President Theodore Roosevelt to sign national food-safety legislation.
Elwood native, won the GOP nomination for president in 1940.
Hollywood movie director of West Side Story and The Sound of Music.
Shuttle Columbia and International Space Station astronaut.
Introduced in Indianapolis in 1921.
At UCLA, won more NCAA men’s basketball championships than any other coach.