This story is part of Indianapolis Monthly’s 2016 Indiana Bicentennial coverage, which includes our list of the 200 Hoosier Hall of Fame picks, designated throughout in bold or highlighted. For more on this celebration of the state’s first two centuries, click here.
Cummins Engine Company opens in a Columbus garage
Namesake mechanic and inventor Clessie Lyle Cummins and partner William Glanton Irwin, a banker and investor, initially market diesel engines to farmers through the Sears Catalog.
The Architecture timeline:
J. Irwin Miller graduates from Yale
The great-nephew of the company cofounder, Miller takes courses that instill a lifelong appreciation of modern architecture and design.
Miller named Cummins Engine general manager
First Christian Church built in Columbus
Created by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen, it is one of America’s pioneering modernist churches. His son, Eero, and Charles Eames design many of the interior details.
Eames releases the Eames Lounge and Ottoman
Widely known as the Eames Chair, it is one of the most iconic designs in modern furniture.
Eero Saarinen wins competition to design the Gateway Arch in St. Louis
Open to the public in 1967, it will become one of America’s most recognizable landmarks.
Completion of Irwin Union Bank (now Irwin Conference Center)
The first of the three Columbus commissions for Eero Saarinen—now regarded as a giant of modernist architecture—all of which are National Historic Landmarks, along with his father’s First Christian Church.
Establishment of Cummins Foundation
The brainchild of civic-minded company chairman J. Irwin Miller, for underwriting architecturally significant development in Columbus.
Cummins Foundation pays first of many architects’ fees
To prominent Chicago architect Harry Weese, for designing the Lillian C. Schmitt Elementary School—one of more than 50 projects the foundation will go on to support.
American Institute of Architects ranks Columbus sixth among all U.S. cities for innovation and design
The Engine timeline:
Introduction of the Model H
The motor, designed for transportation, launches the company’s most successful engine family.
Cummins turns its first profit
Meanwhile, the rest of the country is still struggling to rise out of the Great Depression.
Cummins joins the war effort …
The company makes many of the engines for Allied convoys supplying the fronts in Europe, Africa, and the South Pacific.
… and the peace effort
Cummins engines also power much of the equipment that builds the interstate system here at home in the postwar boom.
Cummins’s first partnership with Dongfeng, China’s largest truck maker
Cummins holds distinction as largest diesel-engine manufacturer in China
Annual sales in the world’s second-largest economy exceed $3 billion.